Orthodontic (Dental Braces) Treatment

Orthodontic (Dental Braces) Treatment

Orthodontics, is a branch of specialization which deals with the diagnoses and treatment of crooked and twisted teeth. It is a branch of dentistry involving braces in its treatment. Orthodontic treatments, while addressing many different orthodontic problems, aim to provide the patient with teeth that are both healthy and aesthetically pleasing. Everything you need to know about orthodontic treatment methods, braces treatment prices and orthodontic processes is provided to you on these pages.

 What is Orthodontic Treatment?


Orthodontics Treatment is a sub-branch of dentistry that allows crooked and mismatched teeth to be harmonized with each other. Tooth crowding that requires orthodontic treatment can lead to many different dental problems, particularly mouth closure disorder. When the concern is with this type of tooth misalignment, the patient may experience negative effects both physically and psychologically. On the other hand, patients who have difficulty in basic activities such as biting, chewing and speaking may also make them worry about their physical appearance; this anxiety make them feel that their teeth are not aesthetically pleasing enough and may have problems with self-confidence. Therefore, whatever the underlying root problem is; It becomes essential for the patient to receive orthodontic treatment in order to heal and improve himself in many ways.
We will discuss orthodontic treatment methods in detail in the following parts of our article, but it is useful to take a closer look at the oral and dental problems that can be dealt with through orthodontic treatments in the first place:
- Closing the deep spaces between the teeth
- Straightening the crooked teeth
- Aligning the tooth tips
- Improving the speech and the chewing abilities
- Contributing in providing healthy teeth and gums in the long run
- Repairing the upper or the lower jaw closing disorders
- Improving oral functions
- Elimination of incompatibility between the teeth and the jaw
- Aligning the tooth tips
- Improving the speech and the chewing abilities
- Contributing in providing healthy teeth and gums in the long run
- Repairing the upper or the lower jaw closing disorders
- Improving oral functions
- Elimination of incompatibility between the teeth and the jaw

Of course, the scope of orthodontic treatments is not limited to these procedures, but it is possible to say that an orthodontists are often encounters these procedures throughout their careers. In addition, in order to find solutions to these problems, the orthodontist can apply to the use of many different dental tools and devices. Now it's time to take a closer look at these tools and devices.
 

What are the Methods Used in Orthodontic Treatment?


It is possible to bring up the devices and tools which are used in orthodontic treatment in two main groups: Fixed and removable. While fixed orthodontic applications are known as braces and special fixed appliances apparatus, removable orthodontic devices are consisted of different devices such as aligners, which are produced to correct the problems that may occur in the jaw, lips or cheeks.

Braces (Dental brackets)


If you are planning to have braces treatment, it is useful to gather information about different braces treatment solutions before choosing any treatment method. Here are the most commonly preferred braces treatment methods:


Metal braces: Metal braces, which are the first traditional method that comes to mind when braces are mentioned, they are produced as stainless steel brackets and they provide support to the patient in bringing the teeth to the desired position after long-term usage.
 
Pros: It is a budget-friendly method.
Cons: It is the most visible orthodontic treatment method. 
Porcelain braces: These types of braces resemble metal braces in terms of size and shape, but unlike them, they are produced from a porcelain material that resembles the natural color of the teeth instead of metal frames. Porcelain braces applications, which offer a relatively more aesthetic solution compared to metal braces, can be designed even with metal wires consisting with the natural color of the teeth.
 
Pros: It is less visible than metal braces and can align teeth faster compared to the Invisalign method.
Cons: It can leave marks if not properly maintained.
 
Lingual wires: The lingual concept, which we can call “inside the mouth”, is a definition that consists of placing the braces on the inner surface of the teeth rather than the outer surface. Unlike traditional metal or ceramic wires, lingual wires are placed on the back surface of the teeth and are not directly visible. Also designed as metal brackets, lingual braces are one of the first methods that come to mind when it comes to aesthetic braces applications.
Pros: Invisible from outside.
Cons: It is difficult to clean, the placement process may take longer than other orthodontic procedures. 
Invisalign braces: These braces, also known as transparent braces or transparent braces, are known as the most modern and popular braces application technique in the orthodontic world. The biggest advantage of the invisalign treatment method for the patient is that it does not create any aesthetic concerns with invisible braces. Transparent plates made of BPA-free, healthy plastic are supplied to the patient in series and the patient is asked to renew these plates at regular intervals. These clear plates, which usually need to be renewed every 2 weeks, help to achieve perfect results within the scope of incognito orthodontic treatment.
 
Cons: It does not work for serious dental problems. It can be easily lost and a replacement can be costly. This method cannot be used with children.
 
In addition to these braces solutions, nickel-titanium-based brackets or copper-titanium-based wires can also be preferred. This type of metal is known to be more durable than the stainless steel used in braces as a standard and does not have the risks such as deterioration and removal. However, some orthodontists may also recommend rubber band braces instead of metal braces. When it comes to the choice of orthodontic treatment, which method will be the most suitable for the patient can only be decided after the patient comes to the examination and the problem is clearly identified.

 

2. Fixed Space Maintainer


This method, which is mostly used in children, can be utilized in the periods when milk (baby) teeth are lost. The space maintainer, which is made to maintain the space or the dimension of the missing primary tooth prevents the neighboring teeth on both sides of the space from tilting towards that space, helping the permanent tooth to come out uneventfully. While a band is placed on a tooth that is next to the gap, a wire extending from the band is placed on the other tooth. In other words, these appliances "hold space" for the child, so to speak, until the permanent tooth comes out. These placeholders can be fixed or removable in nature.
 

 

3. Aligner


As a different alternative to braces, aligners are known as an orthodontic method mostly used in adults. These removable appliances, which are removable for performing basic activities such as brushing, flossing and eating, are replaced with tighter ones after 2-3 weeks of use. Aligners are also invisible, invisible orthodontic treatment solutions.
 

4. Extra-Oral Appliances (Headgear)


Extra-oral appliances are known as appliances that are used especially in jaw abnormalities. These extra-oral appliances can be used in orthodontic treatment when there is a need to apply large forces. Extra-oral appliances work by taking support from three different parts of the person, namely the head, the neck and the forehead. Extra-oral appliances, which are frequently preferred especially with children aged 12-16, where growth is rapid, are used to guide the shape of the jaw. Extra-oral orthodontic appliances and orthodontic masks, which can be used with younger ages than this age range, lead to much more effective results when are used during active periods of the development. The duration of using the of extra-oral appliances may differ depending on the type and the function of the appliance; however, an average of 16-18 hours of using per day will positively affect the performance of the treatment. Extra-oral appliances, which are used in abnormal lower and upper tooth arches, unbalanced face and jaw structure, chewing and speech disorders, anterior positioned tooth structure, tooth loss and teeth positioned in the wrong place, can be designed in different forms such as chin apparatus, nape, face mask and chin-rest

 

 

Who Can Apply to an Orthodontist?


If a person's teeth and jaw do not develop properly throughout development from birth, it is highly likely that a dental malalignment will occur. As a result of this disorder, the teeth may be crooked and misaligned, and the teeth in the upper and lower jaws may not match each other. If you are also facing any of the following problems, we recommend you to visit our orthodontic clinic:
 
Protrusion of the teeth: When this condition is treated, an improvement in the physical appearance of the person is observed and it protects the person against accidents that may occur during sports.

 

Crowding of the teeth: When it comes to a narrow jaw structure, there may not be enough space for all the teeth. In such cases, the orthodontist may want to extract one or more teeth to make room for other teeth.
 
Asymmetrical tooth structure: A situation that requires orthodontic treatment arises when the upper and lower teeth do not match, especially when the mouth is closed. 
Deep bite: When the teeth are clenched, the upper part overlaps the lower part (or vice versa). 
Open bite: When the mouth is closed, there is a clear gap between the upper teeth and the lower teeth. 
Formation of gaps between the teeth: In this orthodontic condition, which is the opposite of crowding, there are clear gaps between the teeth due to the lack of teeth in the mouth.

 

If you want to have a good treatment by the hands of the best orthodontists related to any closing disorder or tooth alignment disorder, you can contact our medical consulting room and have a perfect smile as soon as possible.